Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture

ROSENSTOCK, T S ed.
cover image
Added Author
RUFINO, M C ed.
BUTTERBACH-BAHL, K ed.
WOLLENBERG, L ed.
RICHARD, M ed.
Publication
Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer, 2016.
ISBN
9783319297927 / eISBN:9783319297941
Printed edition: 9783319297927
Physical Description
XV, 203 p. 33 illus., 27 illus. in color. online resource.
Series
Springer Open Access e-Book
URL
Language
eng
 
 
 
04372nam a22004815i 4500
001
 
 
vtls000095065
003
 
 
VRT
005
 
 
20170605075700.0
007
 
 
cr nn 008mamaa
008
 
 
170530s2016    gw |    s    |||| 0|eng d
020
$a 9783319297927 / eISBN:9783319297941 $9 978-3-319-29794-1
024
7
$a 10.1007/978-3-319-29794-1 $2 doi
039
9
$a 201706050757 $b ella $c 201705301350 $d fatimah $y 201705301307 $z fatimah
100
1
$a ROSENSTOCK, T S ed.
245
1
0
$a Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture
264
1
$a Cham : $b Springer International Publishing : $b Imprint: Springer, $c 2016.
300
$a XV, 203 p. 33 illus., 27 illus. in color. $b online resource.
336
$a text $b txt $2 rdacontent
337
$a computer $b c $2 rdamedia
338
$a online resource $b cr $2 rdacarrier
347
$a text file $b PDF $2 rda
490
$a Springer Open Access e-Book
505
0
$a Chapter 1 Introduction to the SAMPLES Approach -- Chapter 2 Targeting Landscapes to Identify Mitigation Options -- Chapter 3 Determining Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals Associated with Land Use and Land Cover Change -- Chapter 4 Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Managed and Natural Soils -- Chapter 5 A Comparison of Methodologies for Measuring Methane Emissions from Ruminants -- Chapter 6 Quantifying Tree Biomass Carbon Stocks and Fluxes in Agricultural Landscapes -- Chapter 7 Methods for Smallholder Quantification of Soil Carbon Stocks and Stock Changes -- Chapter 8 Yield Estimation of Food and Non-Food Crops in Smallholder Production Systems -- Chapter 9 Scaling Point and Plot Measurements of Greenhouse Gas Fluxes, Balances and Intensities to Whole Farms and Landscapes -- Chapter 10 Methods for Environment-Productivity Trade-off Analysis in Agricultural Systems.
506
0
$a Open Access
520
$a This book provides standards and guidelines for quantifying greenhouse gas emissions and removals in smallholder agricultural systems and comparing options for climate change mitigation based on emission reductions and livelihood trade-offs. Globally, agriculture is directly responsible for about 11% of annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and induces an additional 17% through land use change, mostly in developing countries. Farms in the developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia are predominately managed by smallholders, with 80% of land holdings smaller than ten hectares. However, little to no information exists on greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potentials in smallholder agriculture. Greenhouse gas measurements in agriculture are expensive, time consuming, and error prone, challenges only exacerbated by the heterogeneity of smallholder systems and landscapes. Concerns over methodological rigor, measurement costs, and the diversity of approaches, coupled with the demand for robust information suggest it is germane for the scientific community to establish standards of measurements for quantifying GHG emissions from smallholder agriculture. Standard guidelines for use by scientists, development organizations will help generate reliable data on emissions baselines and allow rigorous comparisons of mitigation options. The guidelines described in this book, developed by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) and partners, are intended to inform anyone conducting field measurements of agricultural greenhouse gas sources and sinks, especially to develop IPCC Tier 2 emission factors or to compare mitigation options in smallholder systems.
541
$a EB02545
650
0
$a LIFE SCIENCES
650
0
$a AGRICULTURE
650
0
$a CLIMATE CHANGE
650
0
$a ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
650
0
$a SOIL SCIENCE AND CONSERVATION
650
0
$a SOIL CONSERVATION
650
0
$a AIR POLLUTION
650
1
4
$a E-BOOKS
700
1
$a RUFINO, M C $e ed.
700
1
$a BUTTERBACH-BAHL, K $e ed.
700
1
$a WOLLENBERG, L $e ed.
700
1
$a RICHARD, M $e ed.
776
0
8
$i Printed edition: $z 9783319297927
856
4
0
$u http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29794-1
950
$a Biomedical and Life Sciences
999
$a VIRTUA
999
$a VTLSSORT0070*0080*0200*0240*1000*2450*2640*3000*3360*3370*3380*3470*4900*5050*5060*5200*5410*6500*6501*6502*6503*6504*6505*6506*6507*7000*7001*7002*7003*7760*8560*9500*9992
Subject
LIFE SCIENCES
AGRICULTURE
CLIMATE CHANGE
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
SOIL SCIENCE AND CONSERVATION
SOIL CONSERVATION
AIR POLLUTION
E-BOOKS
Summary
This book provides standards and guidelines for quantifying greenhouse gas emissions and removals in smallholder agricultural systems and comparing options for climate change mitigation based on emission reductions and livelihood trade-offs. Globally, agriculture is directly responsible for about 11% of annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and induces an additional 17% through land use change, mostly in developing countries. Farms in the developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia are predominately managed by smallholders, with 80% of land holdings smaller than ten hectares. However, little to no information exists on greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potentials in smallholder agriculture. Greenhouse gas measurements in agriculture are expensive, time consuming, and error prone, challenges only exacerbated by the heterogeneity of smallholder systems and landscapes. Concerns over methodological rigor, measurement costs, and the diversity of approaches, coupled with the demand for robust information suggest it is germane for the scientific community to establish standards of measurements for quantifying GHG emissions from smallholder agriculture. Standard guidelines for use by scientists, development organizations will help generate reliable data on emissions baselines and allow rigorous comparisons of mitigation options. The guidelines described in this book, developed by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) and partners, are intended to inform anyone conducting field measurements of agricultural greenhouse gas sources and sinks, especially to develop IPCC Tier 2 emission factors or to compare mitigation options in smallholder systems.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction to the SAMPLES Approach -- Chapter 2 Targeting Landscapes to Identify Mitigation Options -- Chapter 3 Determining Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals Associated with Land Use and Land Cover Change -- Chapter 4 Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Managed and Natural Soils -- Chapter 5 A Comparison of Methodologies for Measuring Methane Emissions from Ruminants -- Chapter 6 Quantifying Tree Biomass Carbon Stocks and Fluxes in Agricultural Landscapes -- Chapter 7 Methods for Smallholder Quantification of Soil Carbon Stocks and Stock Changes -- Chapter 8 Yield Estimation of Food and Non-Food Crops in Smallholder Production Systems -- Chapter 9 Scaling Point and Plot Measurements of Greenhouse Gas Fluxes, Balances and Intensities to Whole Farms and Landscapes -- Chapter 10 Methods for Environment-Productivity Trade-off Analysis in Agricultural Systems.